รหัสดีโอไอ 10.14457/TU.the.2020.835
Title The impact of trade facilitation on cross-border e-commerce exports of China-based on the gravity model
Creator Yuan Liang
Contributor Monthien Satimanon, Advisor
Publisher Thammasat University
Publication Year 2020
Keyword Trade facilitation, Cross-border e-commerce, International trade
Abstract Trade facilitation has become an important issue faced by all countries to ease bureaucratic delays and red tape of cross-border transport. This paper introduces the progress of trade facilitation and the existing problems in China’s cross-border e-commerce. Then, it describes the influence of trade facilitation on cross-border e-commerce in terms of the system of assessment. The paper also develops the trade facilitation variable from five primary indicators and thirty-one secondary indicators in the WEF Global Competitiveness Report. The five primary indicators are political environment, legal environment, infrastructure, custom environment, and technologyreadiness. According to trade facilitation indicators (TFI), it quantifies trade facilitation in China and its trading partners. Third, it refers to Anderson & Van Wincoop(2003)’s gravity model, which considers the multilateral resistance terms ignored by the traditional gravity model. It establishes the gravity model to study TFI’s impact on China's cross-border e-commerce exports. Cross-border e-commerce export is the explained variable, while the GDP, population, exchange rate, and distance are the explanatory variable with other controlled variables. According to the World Bank standard, the paper categorizes trading partners into three types of economies. They are high-income, upper-middle-income, and lower-middle-income economies. It analyzes the impact of their TFI’s five primary indicators on China’s cross-border exports. Besides, the paper uses OLS and Poisson Pseudo-Maximum Likelihood estimation for regression, which can directly estimate the gravity model in nonlinear form and (2) eliminate the heterogeneity. The empirical result shows that China’s cross-border e- commerce exports have been significantly affected by trade facilitation. Moreover, it has been affected mostly by high-income and lower-middle-income countries' customs environment. As for the upper-middle-income countries, its infrastructure has the most significant impact on the trade flows. Finally, it makes policy recommendations on the aspects of TFI that should be prioritized to countries.
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บรรณานุกรม

Yuan Liang และผู้แต่งคนอื่นๆ. (2020) The impact of trade facilitation on cross-border e-commerce exports of China-based on the gravity model. Thammasat University:ม.ป.ท.
Yuan Liang และผู้แต่งคนอื่นๆ. 2020. The impact of trade facilitation on cross-border e-commerce exports of China-based on the gravity model. ม.ป.ท.:Thammasat University;
Yuan Liang และผู้แต่งคนอื่นๆ. The impact of trade facilitation on cross-border e-commerce exports of China-based on the gravity model. ม.ป.ท.:Thammasat University, 2020. Print.